Eco Friendly Tourism
Dudhwa National Park
Location : 64 km from Junagadh and 32 km from Verawal.

Area :- 83.7390 sq. km

Established : 1958 as a wildlife sanctuary, 1977 as a national park, 1988 as a tiger reserve.

Wildlife Attractions: Asiatic Lion

About Dudhwa National Park
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve lies on the India-Nepal border Dudhwa National Parkin the foothills of the Himalaya and the plains of the 'terai'. The park is spread over an area of around 811 sq. kms of marshes, grasslands and dense forests. The main attractions of the park are its Swamp Deer (population over 1,600) and tiger (population 98 in 1995). It is a home for over 38 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and numerous species of birds. It has two core areas: Dudhwa National Park and Kishanpur wildlife sanctuary. They are 15 kms. apart with agricultural land between them. The park is famous for the untiring efforts of 'Billy' Arjan Singh, one of India's leading conservationists, who was instrumental in the creation of Dudhwa as a sanctuary of the Swamp Deer. Later he successfully hand-reared and re-introduced zoo-born Tigers and Leopards into the wilds of Dudhwa.

The forests here are reminiscent of the forests of Bardia on the Nepal side, with huge Sal trees, tall termite mounds, patches of riverine forests and large open grasslands. Its lakes offer excellent opportunities for observing Swamp Deer and birds from 'machans'. In the mid 1980s, Indian Rhinoceros was reintroduced into Dudhwa from Assam and Nepal. The park has a rich bird life, with over 350 species, including the Swamp Partridge, Slaty-backed Woodpecker and Bengal Florican.

Excursion(Dudhwa Tiger Reserve)
En route to Dudhwa, the unique Frog Temple at Oyal can also be visited. The only one of its kind in India, it was built by the former Maharajas of the Oyal state in the district of Lakhimpur-Kheri. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the base of the stone temple is built in the shape of a large frog. The temple is at a distance of 10 km from Hargaon on the route to Lakhimpur-Kheri and Dudhwa.

Built in the Indo-Saracenic style by the rulers of the Singhai state, Surat Bhawan Palace is one of the famous palaces of the Terai area. Not far from the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve on the Lakhimpur-Nighasan-Dudhwa route, the palace is set in a large green, nine-acre retreat. Expanses of lush lawns, fountains, a swimming pool and interesting architectural details make a visit to the palace worthwhile.

Flora in Dudhwa National Park
Sal Shorea robusta, asna Terminalia tomentosa, shisham Dalbergia sissoo, bahera Terminalia balerica, khair Acacia catechu, jamun Syzygium cumini.

Main Fauna in Dudhwa National Park
Mammals: Deer of DudhwaTiger, leopard, swamp deer, rhinoceros, chital, hog deer, barking deer, sambar, wild boar and ratel.

Birds: Around 400 species including Bengal Florican, Black-necked Stork identified.

Fish: 90 species of fishes identified.

Endangered Species : Tiger, swamp deer, leopard, ratel, hispid hare, Bengal Florican, Black-necked Stork.

Season(Dudhwa National Park)
Mid November-mid June, the best period being February-April.

Travel Information (Dudhwa Tiger Reserve)
Drive from Delhi (8-9 hours) or take the train to Shahjehanpur and drive to Dudhwa (3 hours). Alternatively fly to Lucknow and drive to Dudhwa (245 km, 6 hours).
Nearest Railway Station:
Dudhwa (4 km.), Palia (10 km.), Mailani (37 km.)

Nearest Airport:
Lucknow, Dhangarhi (Nepal, 35 km.)
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